In today’s world, there are currently 6912 languages spoken. Turkish is one of the most spoken language in the World. Today, around 250 million people speak Turkish and this number makes Turkish the fifth most spoken language among all languages. Turkey Turkish has the largest amount of people spoken the language among these 250 million people.
Even though Turkish language has their origins in Sumerian sources, first known written source of Turkish language was Göktürk Inscriptions. These inscriptions were written with first Turkish Alphabet by Göktürks. Bilge Kağan, Kül Tigin and Vezir Tonyukuk are the most 3 important ones among 6 inscriptions. They are the first texts where the word “Türk” is mentioned and give information about Göktürk state structure, independence war of Türks, how they get out of Chinese captivity and have started to grow as a state.
Like Göktürks, Uygur State who is another Turkish civilization left some texts about religion, medicine, astronomy, fortune telling and poetry which are written on stones and papers with Uygur Alphabet. In addition to Uygur and Göktürk inscriptions, there are important Old Turkish works belonging to the period of Karahanlı State, Kutadgu Bilig by Yusuf Has HAhmet Yesevî. cib,