Constantin Brâncuși (born 19 February 1876- died 16 March 1957) was a Romanian sculptor with major contributions to the renewal of the language and plastic vision in contemporary sculpture.

 

He went to School of Arts and Crafts in Craiova between 1894-1898, then finished his studies at School of bellearte in 1902.In 1905 he gets admitted to the prestigious  École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where he works in the workshop of Antoin Mercie until 1906, when he reaches the age limit, and leaves the school. He refuses to work as a practician in the workshop of Auguste Rodin, saying the now famous words: Rien ne pousse à l’ombre des grands arbres”(At the shadow of big trees doesn’t grow anything).

At the beginning of his career, the sculptures of Brâncuși were mostly classic representations of the human form.The time between 1897 and 1907 is characterized by a big accumulation of knowledge and skills, but also finding different solutions to model the materials. After 1905, the vision of the artist became clearer and more powerfull. As an immediate consequence, the transformation of the structure of his work suffered a fast evolution,so that beginning with 1907, the antropomorph representations begin to give space for the sculptures that will show the artist Brâncuși of later, the one who will enter the universal consciousness.

Explaining that "The artist should know how to dig out the being that is within matter," Brancusi sought to create sculptures that conveyed the true essence of his subjects, be they animals, people, or objects by concentrating on highly simplified forms free from ornamentation. While many regarded his art as abstract, the artist disagreed; he insisted on the representational nature of his works, asserting that they disclosed a fundamental, often concealed, reality.

Brancusi's work was largely fueled by myths, folklore, and "primitive" cultures. These traditional, old-world sources of inspiration formed a unique contrast to the often sleek appearance of his works, resulting in a distinctive blend of modernity and timelessness.

 

Written by: Catalin Popsor

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